Located at the confluence of the Mahanadi and Tel rivers, Subarnapur, also known as Sonepur, is a significant cultural and spiritual center in Odisha, India. Situated approximately 48 kilometers northeast of Balangir and 280 kilometers from Bhubaneswar, Sonepur is renowned for its rich history and architectural heritage.

Location Eastern India, in the state of Odisha
Nickname Mandiramalini (city of temples)
Historical Background Known as Swarnapur in the 8th century and became one of the capitals of the Somavamsis.
Population (as of 2011) 610,183
Main Deity Goddess Lankeswari
Economic Status One of India’s 250 most backward districts, receiving aid from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme.
Major Religion Hinduism practiced by 99.19% of the population.

Famous Tourist Places in Subarnapur District

Temple City of Subarnapur District

Sonepur is home to numerous ancient temples, including the Khambeswari, Rameswar, Pancha Debalaya, Lankeswari, and Suvarnamuru temples. These structures reflect the region’s diverse cultural influences, such as Jainism, Buddhism, Saivism, Somavamsi, Telugu Chodas, Gangas, and Chauhans, who have ruled the state over the centuries. 

Historical Significance and Discoveries

The area is rich in historical artifacts, with discoveries of ancient monuments, gold, silver, and bronze coins dating back to the 10th century AD, during the Ganga dynasty. Sonepur was once a melting pot of different religious creeds, reflecting its historical significance as a major cultural center.

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